Melasma

Melasma is a very common chronic disease, characterized by pigmented spots, usually on the face.

Melasma is a very common chronic disease, characterized by pigmented spots, usually on the face.

Clinically, melasma is characterized by brownish spots in areas exposed to the sun symmetrically distributed on the face. The most affected patients are women between 20 and 40 years old. Although the face is the most frequent location, it can occur on extra-facial areas such as the chest and arms.

Although its cause is not fully understood, several factors are involved in its development. Among them, the exposure to sunlight and visible light, pregnancy, use of contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy, use of some photosensitizing medications and cosmetics. Genetic predisposition is also a relevant factor, since more than 40% of patients report some family member affected.

There are efficient treatment options for melasma. However, patient engagement and the constant and frequent use of sunscreen are essential pillars of therapy.

The sunscreens should be of broad spectrum, and preferably collored to offer some protection against visible light. Topical treatments include new bleaching agents, superficial peelings and microneedling with drug delivery.

Recently new lasers become excellent therapeutic options, with good results and improving the quality of life of the affected patients.

Most common reasons for consultation

COSMETIC DERMATOLOGY 

In addition to well-trained dermatologists in the performance of cosmetic procedures, you will also find in our clinics the most modern technologies that are considered safe and effective in facial and body rejuvenation. You can learn more about cosmetic procedures in the link Technologies and Procedures of this website. You can also know what is new in our Blog or on Hexsel News.