There are different types of cysts, the most common being the epidermal cyst, also known as sebaceous cyst. It is an elastic, flesh-colored or yellowish round nodule of variable size, encapsulated in a thin layer of epidermis-like epithelium and filled with keratin.
The most effective treatment for an epidermoid cyst is complete surgical excision with an intact cyst capsule. Removal of the entire cyst lining decreases rates of recurrence.
Tip: Do not squeeze the cyst, as this can cause infection.
Lipoma is a benign tumor of fat cells. It is a soft, oval-shaped lump beneath the skin, of varying size. Small lipomas do not require treatment. Indications for removal of a lipoma include aesthetic concerns, pain, functional limitation and fast growth.
Most times, surgical removal of lipomas can be done at the dermatologist’s office under local anesthesia. A technique known as minimal excision extraction may result in less scarring. Ultrasound can be used in the initial evaluation of the size and location of the lipoma.